Almost three quarters (73%) of women living in seven major UK cities never ride a bike for local journeys.
Despite this, over two-thirds (68%) say their city would be a better place to live and work if more people cycled, according to ‘Women: reducing the gender gap‘, a report published today by Sustrans.
The report, which is part of the Bike Life project, is based on an ICM independent survey of over 7,700 residents living in Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Newcastle and Greater Manchester.
The report also revealed:
- Twice as many men as women (24:12) currently ride a bike at least once a week in all seven cities.
- Differences in participation between men and women appear to be less pronounced in cities with higher overall cycling uptake. For example, in Bristol, which has the highest cycling rates of all seven cities,18% of women ride a bike at least once a week, in comparison to 32% of men.
- Across the cities, the vast majority of women surveyed (77%) feel that cycling safety needs to be improved and a further 59% view cycling as dangerous or unsafe.
Despite these findings, almost a third (30%) who currently do not cycle say they would like to start riding. 76% of women who already cycle or want to start would find cycle lanes that are physically separated from traffic very helpful to cycle more.
The majority of women surveyed recognise cycling is good for their health and say more people cycling would have a positive impact on reducing traffic and air pollution.
The report comes out after London’s first walking and cycling tsar Will Norman, stressed that cycling will only be considered a success in the capital if it is taken up by a more diverse population. Currently, only 27% of bike riders in London are women.
Xavier Brice, CEO at Sustrans, said: “A city that has a diverse and inclusive population of people riding a bike is a city for everyone. Cycling can play a vital role in improving health, whilst ensuring that jobs, services and communities are accessible. 51% of the UK population is female, yet most of our cities are failing to design roads and streets for women to cycle.
“Evidence from the UK and beyond shows that when dedicated space for riding a bike is provided, alongside engagement programmes, the gender gap in cycling can be eliminated.
“Governments at all levels need to listen to women’s voices and invest in a network of dedicated cycling routes and training so that everyone feels comfortable and confident to ride a bicycle, regardless of gender, age and disability.”
The ‘Women: reducing the gender gap’ report sets out a number of recommendations for local authorities to create a more diverse and inclusive culture of cycling, including:
- Planning and delivery of protected cycling routes on main roads and orbital routes reflecting local journeys.
- Training and engagement programmes to enable more women to travel by bike.
- Integrating gender into different stages of consultation, design, delivery and monitoring of new schemes.
Cllr Arlene Ainsley, cabinet member for transport and air quality at Newcastle City Council, said: “We are investing in improvements to the city’s cycling infrastructure as part of our ambition to make Newcastle one of the easiest places to get around, however people choose to travel.
“We know that there are many women in Newcastle who already travel by bike and many others who would like to. We want to make it possible for more women to choose cycling, not only through improving facilities for people on bikes but also through the activities run by Active Newcastle and the Cycle Hub aimed at encouraging women and giving them the confidence to cycle.
“Where cities have better cycling networks, more people – and particularly more women – are likely to make local journeys by bike, making our city cleaner, greener and healthier.”
The report is part of Bike Life, a Copenhagen-inspired assessment of cycling levels and public opinion which is published every two years to inform policy and investment. In Copenhagen, over 41% of people commute by bike, including 55% of women.